Karim Khan


Karim Khan
(?-1779)
   Karim Khan was the founder of the Kurdish Zand dynasty that ruled most of Persia from 1751 until 1794. The Zands belonged to the Laks, who had returned to their homeland in western Persia from where they had been deported to northern Khurasan.
   Having no claim to the title of shah, Karim Khan assumed that of wakil al-dawla, or regent. For the most part, he brought a period of sorely needed peace to Persia. Eventually he established his capital in Shiraz, enriching it with magnificent buildings, some of which still stand. He also developed commerce, handicrafts, and agriculture and encouraged foreign trade. His paternal monarchy was based on tribal traditions common among the Lak and Lur nomads. His bodily strength, skill in arms, sense of humor, and concern for his people's welfare have become the stuff of folktales. He died of tuberculosis.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Karim Khan — Zand Karim Khan Zand ehemals Muhammad Karim Beg oder Tushmal Karim (persisch ‏کریم خان زند‎; * um 1705; † 2. März 1779 in Schiraz) war ein Stammesführer, General unter Nadir Schah, später selbst Herrscher von Persien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karim Khan — Zand, ( fa. کریم خان زند), (c. 1705 1779), also called Karim Khan the Great (Bozorg), was the ruler and de facto Shah of Iran from 1760 until 1779. He founded the Zand dynasty. He never styled himself as shah or king, and instead used the title… …   Wikipedia

  • Karim Khan — Muhammad Karim Khân Karim Khan Zand Muhammad Karim Khan Zand, (Persan: کریم خان زند), (env. 1705 1779), fut Shah d Iran de 1760 à 1779. Il fonda la dynastie Zand. Karim Khan était un des généraux de Nadîr Shâh. Après …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karim Khan Zand — (persisch ‏کریم خان زند‎) (* um 1705; † 1779) war ein Stammesführer, General unter Nadir Shah und später selbst Herrscher von Iran (1760 1779) und Gründer der kurzlebigen Dynastie der Zand Prinzen. Nach dem Tod von Nadir Schah brach in Persien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Karīm Khān Zand (Moḥammad) — ▪ Zand ruler born c. 1705 died March 1779, Shīrāz, Zand Iran       first Zand (Zand Dynasty) ruler of Iran. He restored peace to the kingdom after the strife following the collapse of the Ṣafavid dynasty.       Of humble tribal origin, Karīm Khān …   Universalium

  • Muhammad Karim Khân — Karim Khan Zand Muhammad Karim Khan Zand, (Persan: کریم خان زند), (env. 1705 1779), fut Shah d Iran de 1760 à 1779. Il fonda la dynastie Zand. Karim Khan était un des généraux de Nadîr Shâh. Après la mort de Nadir Shah en 1747 …   Wikipédia en Français

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